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Weekly summary of agriculture news from Vietnam (April 29, 2019 – May 5, 2019)

Aquaculture:

Thanks to the application of high technology, Tran Van Bo, living in in Kim Dong Commune, Kim Son District, Ninh Binh Province, is able to farm shrimp in cold season. The success rate of this model is over 90% with high economic efficiency.

According to Tran, in Northern Vietnam, it is important to build ponds with roofs and covers in winter and cold season. The roofs can keep the heat inside shrimp ponds. When outside temperature can be up to 17 to 22 degrees Celsius in winter, roofs can help ponds maintain a temperature of 25 to 30 degrees Celsius and help shrimp adapt to the environment.

Thanks to this high-tech model, Tran achieves good farming results. His shrimp has better resistance to diseases and grows quickly. Each year, Tran can farm 3 to 4 crops with an output of 6-8 tons of shrimp/year. The model’s profit can reach up to 50%.

Processing, Import and Export:

The U.S. Department of Commerce (DOC) has announced the final results of its 14th administrative review (POR 14) for pangasius imported from Vietnam to the U.S. between August 1, 2016 to July 31, 2017. The final tax rates are much higher than the preliminary results issued in September, 2018.

Accordingly, the final tax rate of POR 14 for Hung Vuong Group is $3.87/kilogram (compared to $0/kilogram proposed in the preliminary result). NTSF Seafood still has a tax rate of $1.37/kilogram compared to the announced preliminary tax. Four other pangasius exporters, which are C.P Vietnam, CL-Fish, Green Farms Seafood and Vinh Quang Corp. are subject to a tax rate of $1.37/kilogram, an increase of 0.96 cents/kilogram compared to the preliminary tax rate. The national tax rate for Vietnamese shrimp is still at $2.39/kilogram.

Pet, Flowers and Ornamental Plants:

With a hot and humid climate but not affected by storms, Ho Chi Minh City and many southern provinces are suitable for growing tropical orchids such as Dendrobium, Mokara, Cattleya, Vanda, and Arachnis annamensis. Of which, Mokara orchids in Ho Chi Minh City grow and bloom quickly compared to those grown in Thailand.

Currently, orchid growers have higher income compared to farmers who grow other agricultural crops. They can earn about VND800 million/hectare/year from orchids. As a result, the area of ​​orchid growing in Ho Chi Minh City has increased sharply over the years. The two most-grown orchid varieties are Mokara and Dendrobium.

Many areas having acid sulphate soils and infertile soils in suburbs of Ho Chi Minh City are especially suitable for people to shift from low-income trees to orchids. Tropical orchid varieties are also developed and grown in many other southern provinces of Vietnam.

Livestock:

According to authority, by the end of April 2019, the total number of pigs farmed in Dong Nai Province is over 2 million, a decrease of nearly 0.5 million compared to the beginning of the year. In particular, there are nearly 1.9 thousand farms that raise about 1.6 million pigs (accounting for over 80% of the total sounder). Small-scale farms also raise nearly 400 thousand pigs (accounting for nearly 20% of the total sounder).

The cause of this reduction in the province’s sounder is due to the impact of diseases, especially African swine fever. The virus is spreading in northern provinces and is at risk of appearing in southern provinces of Vietnam. African swine fever leads to the low price of pork. Currently, pork price is reducing, only at VND40-42 thousand/kilogram. With this price, farmers have low profit and have the risk of losing their sounder due to diseases. Many households have already reduced the number of pigs in their farms to avoid losses.

Plantation:

Recently, there have been many measures implemented to adapt to climate change in Mekong Delta. These solutions are consistent with natural changes and weather fluctuations. They are expected to improve residents’ livelihoods and income, as well as reduce the risk of losses.

An example of those solutions to climate change is the “smart rice field” model in Tieu Can District, Tra Vinh Province. This model uses smart sensors connected to mobile phones to monitor and control irrigation.

Mekong Delta currently has nearly 1.7 million hectares of rice. Of which, there are about 300,000 - 400,000 hectares affected by salinity in dry seasons. Saline intrusion penetrates more and more into rice fields these days. The application of smart phones connected to buoys set in river branches is the most practical and feasible support tool for rice farmers to manage climate change.

Fruits:

Tan My Commune, Ba Tri District, Ben Tre Province has more than 300 hectares of coconut. Farmers here have intercropped many kinds of fruit trees, such as lime, in their coconut gardens. This method is effective and profitable.

In order to intercrop lime in coconut gardens, farmers are provided trainings such as choosing fruit varieties as well as applying scientific and technological advances to cultivation.

Limes bear fruits after nearly 1 year of growing. The trees then bear fruits 3 times per year. Thanks to their adaptation to the local land and farmers’ active care, limes grow well and have high productivity in coconut gardens. On average, 1 hectare of lime provides nearly 3 tons of fruits every year. After deducting the cost, farmers can earn an interest of over VND200 million.

Farmers, Agriculture, Countryside:

According to authorities, southern provinces harvested approximately 1.65 million hectares of winter-spring rice. The productivity was estimated at 67.5 quintals/hectare, a decline of 1.4 quintals/hectare compared to the previous winter-spring crop. The total output reached 10.8 million tons, a reduction of 5.5 thousand tons.

It is estimated that in April, the total number of pigs nationwide fell 0.8% compared to the same period last year. The number of farmed buffaloes also decreased by 2.9%; the total herd of cows increased by 3.1%, and the total number of poultry increased by 6.8%.

By Sonia LV - Copyright © VietLinh

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