In Ho Chi Minh City, with the support of the Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (Australia), the Lower Mekong Initiative has coordinated with the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development to get feedbacks for its project. The initiative is working on sustainable black tiger prawn development. Its project this time intends to connect and improve the livelihood of 10,000 small households farming black tiger prawn in the Mekong Delta in the period of 2019-2029.
Accordingly, a specific objective of the project is to help increase the productivity of extensive black tiger prawn farming to about 3 times compared to the current productivity rate (300 - 350kilograms of prawn/hectare/year). The program also aims to increase production efficiency by improving the input of farming, developing good farming practices and managing land effectively.
Finally, the project targets to enhance the quality and value of black tiger prawn products by improving post-harvest process, logistics and product traceability. It also supports a smooth transition from plantation or livestock to black tiger prawn farming in the Mekong Delta to adapt to climate change and manage international competitiveness.
Processing, Import and Export:
Soc Trang Province strives to reach a total aquaculture production of 348,500 tons by the end of 2020. Of which, brackish water shrimp will reach 134,630 tons; processed products of brackish water shrimp will reach 86,700 tons; the export volume is aimed at 65,000 tons, and the export value of brackish water shrimp will reach $750 million.
The annual seafood production of Soc Trang province is at 150,000 tons with an export turnover of $600 million. Particularly in 2018, brackish water shrimp farming area in the province reached 56,160 hectares. Of which, intensive f black tiger prawn and whiteleg shrimp farming accounted for nearly 88% of the total area, reaching 49,537 hectares. This area produced 133,815 tons of shrimp.
Pet, Flowers and Ornamental Plants:
The Orchid Festival 2019 will take place in 5 days, from April 27 to May 1, 2019. This year, the festival has the theme "Tropical Flavor," and will be hold at Tao Dan Park in Ho Chi Minh City. The orchid festival will introduce and promote Ho Chi Minh City's brands of orchids and ornamental products, as well as showcase agricultural models combined with eco-tourism of the city.
Bonsai and a contest for landscape and garden design are some important activities in the framework of the Orchid Festival 2019 this year.
In Vi Thuy District, Hau Giang Province, flocks of thousands of ducks are farmed and fed with crabs, snails, and rice in harvested rice fields. During this season, instead of farming ducks in coops, many farmers take advantage of leftovers as feed for ducks in rice field. The amount of feed in harvested rice fields is plentiful; thus, ducks grow up quickly and give more eggs. Thanks to this creative farming method, people save the cost of care for their ducks.
This time of the year is the main harvest time of rice fields. Many flocks of ducks from other provinces also come back to their local rice fields for feed. According to authorities, Vi Thuy District has more than 630,000 poultry. Of which, more than 500,000 are ducks. Usually, a flock of ducks stays in a rice field for a short period of time before being moved to a different field or province.
Recently, the area of sugarcane in the Mekong Delta has been gradually reduced due to low price and inefficient cultivation.
During its peak years, there were 8,520 hectares of sugarcane in Cu Lao Dung, Soc Trang Province. Cu Lao Dung is one of the districts with the largest sugarcane area in the Mekong Delta. As farmers suffer from losses during this current crop, the area of sugarcane in this region is expected to be declined by more than 1,000 hectares.
In provinces such as Ca Mau, Kien Giang, Long An, Ben Tre, and Tra Vinh, the area of sugarcane also fell sharply. Particularly in Hau Giang Province, known as “the capital of sugarcane,” if in 2012, the whole province planted more than 12,000 hectares of sugarcane, by the year of 2018, this area only remained 10,500 hectares. For the 2019-2020 crop, the area of sugarcane in the province continues to declined to about 8,500 hectares.
These days, people in Cam Lam District, Khanh Hoa Province are harvesting a large number of Australian and Taiwanese mangoes. According to many households, currently, Australian mangoes type 1 are priced at VND45,000/kilogram; type 2 are at VND25,000/kilogram. On the other hand, Taiwanese mangoes type 1 are at VND15,000/kilogram, mangoes type 2 are sold at VND10,000/kilogram. The prices of mangoes decrease significantly compared to the same period last year.
It is known that Cam Lam District has nearly 5,000 hectares of mangoes of all kinds, including mainly “canh nong” mangoes, Australian mangoes and Taiwanese mangoes. In particular, the area of Australian mangoes accounts for about 60%, concentrated in the communes of Cam Hai Tay, Cam Thanh Bac, Suoi Tan and Cam Duc town. Currently, “canh nong” mangoes in the district are blooming. Despite that, some areas are affected by diseases and frost. Thus, mango flowers in these areas are black with falling immature fruits.
Farmers, Agriculture, Countryside:
Lac Duong District, Lam Dong Province has advantages to grow vegetables with temperate origins. The district promotes the application of high technology and clean food standards in vegetable farming to meet the requirements of both domestic and international markets. So far, Lac Duong District has developed nearly 740 hectares of clean agriculture and high-tech agriculture. These areas bring an average income of VND225 million/hectare/year. The profit of growing clean vegetables in greenhouses itself has already been VND500 million to VND800 million/hectare/year.
Additionally, Lac Duong District has favorable climate and soil to produce high-class flowers in greenhouses. The turnover of this farming activity can reach VND800 million to VND1 billion/hectare/year. Particularly, some areas of lilies in Lac Duong District have a revenue of about VND2 billion/hectare/year. Compared with the whole country, the average agriculture production value of Lac Duong District is 3 times higher.
Living and Environment:
According to the management record of Phu My Nature Reserve in Giang Thanh District, Kien Giang Province (commonly known as Phu My Lepironia Wetland), on the morning of March 14, more than 50 individual sarus cranes (Grus antigone sharpii ) began to migrate back to this reserve.
Sarus cranes are rare and precious species that are strictly protected by the world. The live mainly in wetlands, ponds, lakes or estuaries of the Indian subcontinent, Southeast Asia and Australia.
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