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Yellow Dwarf Cichlid (Cichlidae nain jaune, Cá phượng hoàng vàng)

Family: Tilapia - Cichlidae

Distribution: South America, in the Rio Paraguay.

Length: 5cm.

Tank length: 60cm.

Diet: Worms, body armor animals, insects, food synthesis.

Water temperature: 23-30 ° C.


Yellow Dwarf Cichlid (Yellow dwarf Cichlid, Cichlidae nain jaune) may not extend horizontally flattened bodies. Dorsal and anal fins high and towards the back. In males, the first fin to last until the end of the lower edge of the caudal fin, whereas in females, the agency is clearly shorter. Not shaped caudal fin fan. In males, the yellow background color is gray, with yellow belly. Hong iridescent fish are more blue, while fish cheeks and gill covers are much makeup green dot ball. Yellow dorsal fin and at the end after the green light in the front, also have iridescent blue, in original dark spots, horizontal or vertical, may appear on the hips, especially when the fish are stimulation. Females darker, yellow blaze on the reproductive period.

In the aquarium, Yellow Dwarf Cichlid need fresh water, slightly acidic. It should be stone or other artificial objects placed on the fish tank to make cave shelter spawn.

Males and females together for ease of preparation. We often lay in the cave and not laying in water freely. To fish for reproduction, be put into the tank a bouquet upside down, or half a coconut shell (placed in a corner of the tank, to reveal a doorway) or any other items to be tunneled. Males govern the birth place of general relativity, in this place, but more females occupy smaller areas. Males courted females and copulating with females only.

Females lay 30 to 60 eggs red. We take care of the eggs and hatched fry. It has a very maternal instinct development. But only males that swim around vicious to watch to intimidate enemies.


Yellow Dwarf Cichlid

Family: Tilapia - Cichlidae

Distribution: In the two rivers in the state of Apure and Meta Venezuela ; normally encountered in Paraguay

Length: 5 - 8cm.

Tank length: 60cm.

Diet: Worms, body armor animals, insects, food synthesis.

Water temperature: 25-30 ° C.


Yellow Dwarf Cichlid (Ramirez 's dwarf Cichlid) is a species of fish have very beautiful colors. Full body colored rainbow sparkle sleeping and green spots scattered all over her. Dark dorsal, ventral and faded to a dark line running down from behind the gill cover to the caudal peduncle. The fins at the end are extended. A caudal fin lobes, pointed end, similar to a very nice round fan. Especially in males, the front dorsal fin has two spines long Monday and Tuesday.

Under direct sunlight, fish colors change constantly according to light intensity, giving a glamor fish than other fish.

Yellow Dwarf Cichlid live fish in tanks suitable decorative glass stones, aquatic plants because their behavior is preferred hiding in the available material. This fish spawn on gravel or fine sand. Before laying, males and females or only males choose a favorite stone that we then use to wipe away the stones cleaned thoroughly. Females will lay eggs on rocks and males to fertilize the eggs. Males and females alternately guarding eggs, eggs and protect the island. At a temperature of 26-28 ° C, after 36-42 hours, the eggs will hatch larvae float to the surface. After about 5 weeks, at the start of the swim, fish often hang around the Forum broodstock. We were able to eat egg and subsequent water flea Daphnia, tube worms Tubiflex pieces. Large fish can eat worms, fly larvae.

Source: Ornamental fish - Vo Van Chi, Science and Technology Publishing House, 1993. Copyright © VietLinh. Translated by http://translate.google.com

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Breeding Information: Use an acidic pH (6.0-6.2) and a higher temperature of up to 28°C. The eggs are laid on the roof of a cave or an upturned pot. The female carefully guards the fry but sometimes lacks security with the eggs. Use a ratio of one male to three or four females. 

Sexing Information: The male has brighter colours and is larger with pointed dorsal and anal fins. Be careful though; some males exhibit female colouring to avoid territorial disputes with other males.


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