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Artichoke

 

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English name: Artichoke

Vietnamese name: Actisô

Latin name: Cynara scolymus L.

Family: Asteraceae - họ Cúc 

Description: Herbaceous plants 1-1.2 m high. Trunks coat in terms along the trunk. Leaves large, long, staggered grow, divide lobes at the base of the leaf blade, the leaves at the tops barely divided lobes, green leaves on the bottom and sides with white fur. Flower clusters on the branches, consisting of tubular flowers with blue and purple. Fruit smooth and stick together in the ring, easily separated when the fruit ripens. Seeds without endosperm.

Grows in the Carthage and the Mediterranean, growing in Italy and France. In Vietnam, artichoke grown in Sapa, Tam Dao, Nghe An, Hai Hung, Lam Dong.

Parts used and harvesting: The whole plant (leaves, stems, roots, inflorescence) - Herba Cynarae Scolymi. They collect unopened inflorescence as vegetables in December to April 2. The other trees are harvested at flowering or are about to flower, remove pulley living dried leaves or dried.

Chemical composition: Inflorescence containing 3 to 3.15% protid; 0.1-0.3% lipid; 11 to 15.5% sugar (necessary for people with diabetes), 82% water, there are minerals like manganese, phosphorus, iron, vitamins: 300 (gamma) of vitamin A; 120 (gamma), vitamin B1, 30 (gamma), vitamin B2, vitamin C 10 mg 100 g body Artichoke provide 50-70 calories.

In leaves a crystalline substance, usually mixed with calcium, magnesium, kalium, sodium, is a glucosid which is called Cynarin formulated to bring the two molecules C25H24O12.H2O cafeic acid and quinic acid molecule . In the fresh leaves outside Cynarin, a tannoid, two heterosid flavonic cyanosid and another substance is insoluble in ether called scolymosid. The polyphenols found in young leaves than older leaves, in leaf petioles more, at the tip of the leaf petiole more. From 1956 it was Cynarin synthesis.

Sophisticated effects: Cotton Artichoke taking nutritious when cooked, tonic, stimulant, making delicious, complementary liver (bile), cardiac, diuretic, anti-toxic, causing lactation for women raising small children. Artichoke long been known beneficial effects due to density by Cynarin, we also identified a mixture of different components of the Artichoke, mainly acid-acool create motility Artichoke benefits of honey and also other effects such as cholesterol-blood, protect the liver, increase diuresis. In humans, Cynarin exclude the effects of bile acids reduce blood cholesterol and lipoprotein-.

Artichoke young trees can be used for soup cooked or eaten, the parts are often used as vegetables including inflorescence bearing the flower receptacle, the fuzz and the bracts with white base with surrounding soft. It brought back, split lengthwise 6-8 small pieces, and then brought to the bone tunnel, to eat all the meat and water. Vegetables Artichoke cotton is high, when cooked very easy to digest, for the treatment of liver pain, stomach pain, it is important for people with diabetes.

How to use: Use Artichoke many forms, can be used fresh or dried warm drink or cook a high liquid, soft high; still fresh in the form of alcoholic extract or tincture. Currently on the market there are many preparations of Artichoke: High Artichoke, Artichoke tea, Cynaraphytol member, sweet Cynaraphytol drugs, lotions etc .. Actisamin closed tube

TS. Vo Van Chi - Translated by Google Translate

 

More infomation

United artichoke with 3 to 3.15% protein; 0.1-0.3% lipid; 11 to 15.5% glucide; 82% water. In 100 grams including 300UI vitamin A; 120 gamma vitamin B1; 30 gamma vitamin B2; 10 mg of vitamin C; 50-70 calories.

Artichoke is a valuable medicinal plants against diseases and disorders of the liver origin (jaundice, gallstones, intestinal intoxication ...); reduced urine (infections, poisoning ...).

Cotton artichoke is indicated in cases of depression, work capacity, congestion and impaired hepatic, renal insufficiency, decreased urine, stone disease, rheumatoid arthritis, gout, poisoning, intestinal infections.

Cotton artichoke cooked liver tonic effect, dialysis, cardiac tonic, anti-trust, diuretic (increases the excretion of urea, uric acid, cholesterol and excess)

Plants use cooked artichoke non treat chronic diarrhea.

Artichoke roots have diuretic, used in cases of rheumatism, gout, hydro emphysema, jaundice.

Leaves: medicinal powder: high artichoke, artichoke tea; Members: Cynaraphytol; High artichokes, lotions: Actisamin, Cynaraphytol ...

Viet Linh - Translated by Google Translate

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