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Natural Food and Organic Food

According to the FDA, there isn't any exact definition of "natural food." It generally suggests products that don't have "added color, artificial flavors, or synthetic substances" (2012). 

"Organic food" is different from "natural food." It implies the process of producing the food with environmental-friendly farming methods, like without "synthetic pesticides, bioengineered genes, petroleum-based fertilizers and sewage sludge-based fertilizers" (Food Marketing Institute)

The U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) and its agents are the certifiers of  organic food in the United States. For more information about where to get organic certification in and outside the U.S., click here.

Below is the table reflecting some differences between normal products and organic food from the website of Mayo Clinic.

Conventional

Organic

Apply chemical fertilizers to promote plant growth.

Apply natural fertilizers, such as manure or compost, to feed soil and plants.

Spray synthetic insecticides to reduce pests and disease.

Spray pesticides from natural sources; use beneficial insects and birds, mating disruption or traps to reduce pests and disease.

Use synthetic herbicides to manage weeds.

Use environmentally-generated plant-killing compounds; rotate crops, till, hand weed or mulch to manage weeds.

Give animals antibiotics, growth hormones and medications to prevent disease and spur growth.

Give animals organic feed and allow them access to the outdoors. Use preventive measures — such as rotational grazing, a balanced diet and clean housing — to help minimize disease.

Combined by Vietlinh.

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