When it rains, temperature, salinity, pH and dissolved oxygen in ponds will be reduced significantly. Thus, shrimp care during rainy season with continuous and prolonged rains becomes difficult for people, even with experienced farmers. From the discharge of water to the management of feed intake, avoid inadequate or excessive feed is important.
Black tiger prawn is a cold-blooded (or poikilothermic) species. Its body temperature can only change in a limited range. But, if environmental factors change dramatically and exceed permitted limits, shrimp will be weak, shocked, and possibly dead.
Farmers should have a careful and regular preparation in from pond processing, management to farming.
1/ Must have a settling pond and water treatment before pump water into farming ponds:
Settling pond should be about 1/3 to 1/2 farming ponds.
Farming ponds can be changed alternatively after each farming season. Farming ponds can be settling ponds and settling ponds can be switched into farming ponds.
Reserve enough water to replace water in farming ponds if necessary.
Do not breed shrimp with too shallow water levels.
2/ Choose an appropriate farming density:
During rainy season, shrimp should be farmed with a moderate density (<25 shrimps /m2 with black tiger shrimps and <100 shrimps/m2 with whiteleg shrimp).
3/ Increase aeration, oxygen in the pond bottom, reduce stratifications of temperature, salinity and oxygen in ponds:
• Install aeration system: an aerator is estimated to provide enough oxygen for the 2800 shrimps from the release until the harvest.
• Install aerators in accordance with technical requirements:
• Install oxygen system in the bottom of the pond with plastic tube or pumice stones.
4/ Check shrimp activity and water environment after the rain:
+ Check the appearance, color, reflectivity; check shrimp gut and shrimp feed in the farm, etc.
+ Check pH, alkalinity, turbidity, salinity.
5/ Regularly check water in the pond:
• The pH in shrimp ponds is always need to be 7.5-8.5.
• Rain water is acidic. It can wash out alkaline from edges of the pond and reduce pH of water in the pond.
• To limit the decrease of pH when it rains, use lime along edges of the pond before it rains (apply it dryly) with 10 kg lime/100m2. After the rain, use lime with 10-20 kg lime/ha.
• Combine aerators to prevent water stratification.
When it heavily rains, the increasing water levels in ponds need to be discharged to prevent a sudden decrease in salinity, overflow, and broken sewers.
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In rainy season
In the shrimp ponds
Temporary process for safe brackish-water shrimp farming in areas affected by diseases in Vietnam