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Aquaculture, agriculture: livestock, cultivation, processing & import, export

Weekly summary of agriculture news from Vietnam (July 8, 2019 - July 14, 2019)

Aquaculture:

In the first 6 months of 2019, the area of ​​aquaculture in Phu Yen Province is 1,950 hectares, down 1.7% compared to the same period last year. Of which, there are 250 hectares of black tiger prawn and 1,305 hectares of white leg shrimp, which decrease 2.2% compared to the same period last year. The reason of the decline is due to prolonged hot weather, which make it difficult for farming and production.

The agricultural sector has encouraged farmers to start stocking when weather conditions are appropriate. Farmers also need to regularly monitor disease situations and implement timely preventive measures to avoid spreading the diseases.

Authority, on the other hand, needs to provide environmental warnings, monitor the fluctuation of aquatic ecosystems and the quality of aquaculture environment to timely provide information to farmers.

Processing, Import and Export:

In the provinces of An Giang, Dong Thap and Can Tho, the price of Pangasius (Tra fish) has declined in the past few days and is continuing to decrease. Currently, Pangasius is being purchased by factories at only VND18,000 - 20,000/kilogram, which is the lowest price in the last 10 years. With this price, farmers lose from VND3,000 to 5,000/kilogram.

According to the Vietnam Pangasius Association, for 2 years (2017 and 2018), the price of Pangasius remained high, especially in 2018 when its price reached VND35,000 - 37,000/kilogram. In 2019, due to the difficulty of exporting Pangasius to the world along with the increase of domestic raw materials, Pangasius price drops rapidly.

Livestock:

According to the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development, Vietnam has 63 provinces and cities. So far, African swine fever virus has spread to 62 provinces and cities in Vietnam. The total of pigs to be destroyed are more than 3.3 million.

Of these, 116 communes in 73 districts of 23 provinces were free of African swine fever virus for more than 30 days, but then have to manage the epidemic again as pigs in these areas were reinfected. As of now, Ninh Thuan is the only province in Vietnam without African swine fever virus, but this province raises only a few numbers of pigs.

There has not been any epidemics that can cause great harms without effective measures like African swine fever virus. To manage the virus, it is necessary to apply biosecurity solutions, which can help prevent and reduce the damages caused by this epidemic.

Plantation:

According to authority, An Giang Province's annual rice yield is nearly 4 million tons. This produces about 2 million tons of rice straw each year. This source of by-product is used to grow mushrooms. The region’s area of ​​straw mushroom production was at 305 hectares in 2014, and 400 hectares in 2018. The yield of straw mushroom farming in the province is 10 - 10.5 tons/hectare.

Many models growing mushroom in houses with high technology potentially bring higher productivity, from 30-40% compared to outdoor cultivation.

So far, An Giang Province has about 200 households growing mushrooms and 120 households growing oyster mushrooms. A typical model in 2019 is growing mushrooms in houses with straw mixed with 30% cotton. This model helps farmers have more choices in using agricultural residues, especially in the dry season.

Fruits:

Son La Province currently has more than 1,000 hectares of avocado with this year’s output at nearly 4,000 tons. The province is growing different varieties of avocado.

At this time, avocado growers in Son La are at the beginning of their harvest season. According to farmers, avocado can weigh from 1 to 2.2 kilograms. The average price of avocado purchased directly at garden is VND30,000 - 35,000/kilogram.

Beautifully designed avocados or those with high-quality production process using organic fertilizer can cost up to VND40,000 - 50,000/kilogram. The high price of avocado brings better income to farmers.

From July to September each year is the time of avocado harvest. Son La Province is striving to export 50 tons of avocado to China, Du Bai, Japan, and South Korea.

Farmers, Agriculture, Countryside:

In Song Cau Town, Phu Yen Province, hot weather is favorable for salt production. Only in June, the output of salt farming reached about 3,800 tons.

Particularly since the beginning of the crop, residents of Le Uyen Village, Trung Trinh (Xuan Phuong Commune) and Tuyet Diem Village (Xuan Binh Commune) have produced over 7,500 tons of salt, which is an increase of 3,500 tons compared to the same period last year.

In particular, the yield of clean salt reaches 1,500 tons at a selling price of VND1.3 million/ton, up VND350,000/ton compared to last year. Raw salt production also reaches 6,000 tons. The current price of raw salt is VND800,000/ton, up VND50,000/ton compared to the same period last year.

Living and Environment:

At the end of June and the beginning of July, 2019, heavy and prolonged rains continuously appear in Mekong Delta because this time is the start of the annual flood season. Provinces in Mekong Delta are actively finding solutions to respond to the flood season.

Climate change makes the weather become more complex and more dangerous. Before the flood season, local authorities have reviewing and taking measures to support people in areas frequently threatened by floods. The solutions can hopefully prevent losses such as rice dike break in An Giang, Can Tho, and Vinh Long Provinces like last year.

Pet, Flowers and Ornamental Plants: 

Bui Van Ngoc, living in Linh Xuan Ward, Thu Duc District, Ho Chi Minh City, has become rich from orchid cultivation in his 100 square meters of agricultural land.

The garden is only about 100 square meters right in front of his house, but it has various types of popular orchids such as Cattleya, Arachnis annamensis, and Dendrobium. Each year, Bui earns several hundreds of millions of Vietnamese dongs from selling seedlings and orchids.

Thanks to his meticulous care, Bui’s orchid garden develops well into beautiful flowers. Many people and traders have known and come to his garden to order orchids. As of now, Bui’s garden has about 2,000 orchid pots with high economic values.

By Sonia LV - Copyright © VietLinh