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Aquaculture, agriculture: livestock, cultivation, processing & import, export

Weekly summary (December 3, 2018 - December 9, 2018)

Aquaculture:

The project “Establishing models of farming Asian sea bass (Lates Calcarifer, Bloch 1970) in fresh water area” was implemented in Phu Yen Province. The project introduces Asian sea bass as a new species that can bring high economic efficiency to local residents living in rural and mountainous areas.

Asian sea bass is high-quality seafood because of its delicious meat quality. In recent years, the species has been farmed in South-western and Northern provinces, as well as Quang Ngai and Khanh Hoa. In Phu Yen, the model of farming Asian sea bass has been successfully implemented in Song Hinh hydropower reservoir (Song Hinh District).

One of two households participating in the model, Doan Van Cuoc from Song Hinh District, said that in early 2017, he started with 2,880 Asian sea bass in 4 cages in Song Hinh hydroelectric reservoir. After 9 months of farming, the weight of the fish is from 0.9 to 1.2 kilogram with the price of VND70,000/kilogram. According to Doan, if the weather is favorable, his farming will be very profitable because Asian sea bass is not picky in choosing feed; they eat only a small amount of feed, but develop quickly and have high disease resistance.

Processing, Import and Export:

Among seafood products for export, Tra fish has the highest growth rate. The export of Tra fish reached $212 million in November, an increase of 32% compared to the same period last year. This figure brings the total Tra fish export to more than $2 billion in the past 11 months.

According to Truong Thi Le Khanh, Chairman of the Freshwater Fish Committee of the Vietnam Association of Seafood Exporters and Producers, this trend might continue to increase in the coming months. Tra fish export is forecast to reach over $2.2 billion in 2018, an increase of 22% compared to 2017. This is a good sign for the Tra fish industry this year.

Pet, Flowers and Ornamental Plants:

Ho Chi Minh City invites gardeners, farmers, and flower businesses of surrounding provinces and countries in the region to participate in the orchid festival.

Accordingly, the festival will take place in 5 days, from April 27 to May 1, 2019 with the theme "Tropical Flavors" at Tao Dan Park (District 1), tourist destinations, roundabouts, and main streets in the city.

The festival intends to advertise orchids and other ornamental flower products in Ho Chi Minh City, as well as introduce agricultural models combining with ecotourism of the city.

Livestock:

The project producing and consuming 80 tons of honey per year in ​​Duc Trong District and Bao Loc City has been added to the list of “Developing agricultural value chains by 2020” by Lam Dong Province.

This is a joint project between Thai Duong Honey LLC (Lien Nghia Town, Duc Trong) and 40 households farming queen bees, honey bees according to VietGAP standard and HACCP, a clean honey-processing process. All products from honey bees in this project are stamped with brand name and origin before being sold in the market. There is also an area dedicated to visitors who want to learn about honey bee production in the South Central Highlands.

The project also provided farmers with training, technical transfer and information about the replication of honey bee farming models.

Plantation:

Currently, the total area of pepper in Vietnam has reached 152,000 hectares while the initial plan is to reach 50,000 hectares, including 47,000 hectares for harvest, in 2020 with a vision to 2030.

In the past 5-7 years, although the area of pepper has increased 3 times, its value is lowered 4 times. The price of dried pepper has been reduced from VND250,000/kg to VND58,000/kg.

Recently, in a conference on the prospect of the Vietnam’s pepper industry in 2018, leaders of the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development has emphasized that from now on, pepper farming should not concentrate on quantity but quality.

In the past few years, the farming area of ​​pepper has grown so rapidly and couldn’t be controlled. This causes many severe problems if the quick but unstable development is not resolved in time.

Fruits:

According to the authoritative sector of Hoa Binh Province, in recent years, the area and output of citrus in the province have continuously increased, from 1,976 hectares in 2013 to 9,700 hectares in 2018. The yield of citrus fruits in the province also reaches 24 tons/hectare, and the output reaches 123,000 tons.

Hoa Binh currently is having nearly 10 varieties of oranges and tangerines, which are divided into three main groups. Early-ripen fruits (CS1 orange, Wenzhou tangerine, BH/ Marr orange) occupy about 25% of the total area. Seasonal fruits (Xa Doai orange and some other types of tangerines) account for about 45% of the total area. Finally, late-ripen fruits such as Duong Canh or V2 orange account for 30% of the area.

Thanks to the significant economic efficiency brought by citrus, so far, there have been many farmers who became billionaires thanks to the fruits.

Farmers, Agriculture, Countryside:

According to the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development, the export turnover of agricultural, aquacultural, and forest products in November 2018 was estimated at $3.61 billion, bringing the total export value in the first 11 months of 2018 to $36.3 billion, an increase of 9,1% compared to the same period in 2017.

Of which, the value of main agricultural products was estimated at $18.1 billion (up 3.1% compared to last year); of seafood products was at $8.1 billion (up 6.8%); of livestock products was at $0.51 billion (up 12.9%), and of key forest products was at $8.6 billion (an increase of 18%).

Living and Environment:

According to the authorities, currently, Khanh Hoa Province has 19 invasive species. Some of them have been spreading quickly. Yet, there has been no suitable plan to eliminate these species.

According to scientists, invasive species have emerged, developed, invaded, and affected local biodiversity. They potentially cause economic losses such as the golden apple snail and the giant sensitive tree (Mimosa pigra). However, authority and community’s perception or understanding of the danger of these invasive species is limited. This is the main problem of managing invasive species in Khanh Hoa Province.

By Sonia LV - Copyright © VietLinh

 

 

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